Turandot

20th century opera from 1893

Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giuseppe Adami
Librettist
Renato Simoni
Librettist

Description

Turandot (UK /ˈtjʊər.ən.dɒt/ or US /ˈtʊr.ən.dɑːt/; Italian pronunciation: [turanˈdɔt]; see below) is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini, completed by Franco Alfano, and set to a libretto in Italian by Giuseppe Adami and Renato Simoni.

Though Puccini's first interest in the subject was based on his reading of Friedrich Schiller's 1801 adaptation of the play, his work is most nearly based on the earlier text Turandot by Carlo Gozzi. The original story is based on Turan-Dokht (daughter of Turan) from the epic Haft Peykar (The Seven Beauties), work of 12th-century Persian poet Nizami. The opera's story is set in China and involves Prince Calaf, who falls in love with the cold Princess Turandot. To obtain permission to marry her, a suitor has to solve three riddles; any wrong answer results in death. Calaf passes the test, but Turandot still refuses to marry him. He offers her a way out: if she is able to learn his name before dawn the next day, then at daybreak he will die.

The opera was unfinished at the time of Puccini's death in 1924, and was completed by Franco Alfano in 1926. The first performance was held at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan on 25 April 1926 and conducted by Arturo Toscanini. This performance included only Puccini's music and not Alfano's additions. The first performance of the opera as completed by Alfano was the following night, 26 April, although it is disputed whether this was conducted by Toscanini again or by Ettore Panizza.

Year 1893
Opening Night 1926
Time Period 20th century
Instrumentation Opera orchestra

Videos

Puccini: Turandot, Nessun dorma!
This is a performance of "Nessun dorma", from Puccini's Turandot, at a gala presented by ...
Puccini: Turandot, Nessun dorma!
This is a performance of Nessun dorma! from Puccini's Turandot.
Turandot
The story of the beautiful but cruel princess Turandot, who had her suitors beheaded if ...
Turandot
This video release is an ARTHAUS MUSIK presentation of no more and no less than ...
Turandot: Nessun dorma
Magic was created in July 1990, when Luciano Pavarotti, Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras met ...
Turandot: Nessun dorma
Magic was created in July 1990, when Luciano Pavarotti, Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras met ...
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Albums

The Plácido Domingo Story
Deutsche Grammophon
Puccini Passions: Hope and Loss
Chandos
Turandot
Chandos
Prima Voce Sampler
Nimbus
Hilde Guden (1917-88)
Nimbus
Giacomo Puccini: Turandot / Bizet: Carmen
Myto Records S.a.s. / Qualiton Imports, Ltd.
Franco Corelli: Verismo Arias
Urania / Qualiton Imports, Ltd.
Las Voces del Siglo XX Vol. 3
Pattaya
Famous Opera Choruses
Arts Productions Ltd.
Mario Lanza (Digitally Re-Mastered)
Techniche Label OMP
Luciano Pavarotti: Nessun Dorma
Vanilla OMP
Favourite Arias - Richard Tauber
Synergie OMP
Nessun Dorma - None Shall Sleep
Vanilla OMP
Love Songs for Valentines Day
Arts Productions Ltd.
Operatic Favourites
Gega New
Peter Anders, Jr.: Dramatische Tenor - Arien
Gebhardt Records / Qualiton Imports, Ltd.
The Immortal Jussi Björling
Memoir Records
Divas' Revenge: Opera & Broadway Our Way
Golden Gate Performing Arts, Inc.
Great Voices of the 20th Century - Tauber
Future Noise Music Ltd.
Light Opera and Classical Favourites
Rainbow Media OMP
Giacomo Puccini: Turandot
Myto Records S.a.s. / Qualiton Imports, Ltd.
La Diva & Le Maestro
Isba Music Entertainment