Mass (Missa Solemnis)

Classical mass from 1823

Description

The Missa solemnis in D major, Op. 123, is a solemn mass composed by Ludwig van Beethoven from 1819 to 1823. It was first performed on 7 April 1824 in St. Petersburg, Russia, under the auspices of Beethoven's patron Prince Nikolai Galitzin; an incomplete performance was given in Vienna on 7 May 1824, when the Kyrie, Credo, and Agnus Dei were conducted by the composer. It is generally considered one of the composer's supreme achievements and, along with Bach's Mass in B minor, one of the most significant Mass settings of the common practice period.

Despite critical recognition as one of Beethoven's great works from the height of his composing career, Missa solemnis has not achieved the same level of popular attention that many of his symphonies and sonatas have enjoyed. Written around the same time as his Ninth Symphony, it is Beethoven's second setting of the Mass, after his Mass in C major, Op. 86.

The mass is scored for 2 flutes; 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (in A, C, and B♭); 2 bassoons; contrabassoon; 4 horns (in D, E♭, B♭ basso, E, and G); 2 trumpets (D, B♭, and C); alto, tenor, and bass trombone; timpani; organ continuo; strings (violins I and II, violas, cellos, and basses); soprano, alto, tenor, and bass soloists; and mixed choir.

Year 1823
Opening Night 1824
Time Period Classical
Opus Op. 123
Key D Major
Instrumentation Organ, Symphony orchestra, Alto, Bass, Soprano, Tenor, Chorus

Scores

Messe (Missa Solemnis)
Breitkopf and Härtel 1823

Videos

Missa Solemnis, Op. 123
This is a performance of Missa Solemnis, performed by Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden and Chor der ...
Beethoven: Missa solemnis ∙ hr-Sinfonieorchester ∙ Wiener Singverein ∙ Andrés Orozco-Estrada
Kyrie – Assai sostenuto. Mit Andacht ∙ Gloria – Allegro vivace ∙ Credo – Allegro ...
Beethoven: Missa solemnis - Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century - Live concert HD
Het Orkest van de Achttiende Eeuw en Cappella Amsterdam o.l.v. Daniel Reuss spelen Beethovens 'Missa ...
Leonard Bernstein & Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam - Beethoven: Missa solemnis
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827): Missa solemnis in D major, op.123 I. Kyrie II. Gloria III. ...
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Albums

Beethoven (CD 10-13)
Deutsche Grammophon
Missa solemnis
Deutsche Grammophon
Otto Klemperer: The Vox Recordings
Musical Concepts
Disc d'Or del Palau de la Música Catalana
Columna Música
Missa Solemnis
Archipel Records / Qualiton Imports, Ltd
Missa Solemnis
Nimbus
50 Masterworks
Deutsche Grammophon
Missa Solemnis
Hänssler Classic
Halleluja
Hänssler Classic
Best Beethoven 100 (CD 1-5)
Warner Music
Beethoven: Missa Solemnis
Warner Music
Beethoven: Missa Solemnis in D major, Op. 123
Hänssler Classic
Missa solemnis
Hänssler Classic
The John Eliot Gardiner Collection (CD 20-26)
Deutsche Grammophon