Three String Quartets

Classical string quartet

Description

The three "Razumovsky" (or "Rasumovsky") string quartets, opus 59, are the quartets Ludwig van Beethoven wrote in 1806, as a result of a commission by the Russian ambassador in Vienna, Count Andreas Razumovsky:

String Quartet No. 7 in F major, Op. 59, No. 1

String Quartet No. 8 in E minor, Op. 59, No. 2

String Quartet No. 9 in C major, Op. 59, No. 3They are the first three of what are usually known as the "Middle Period" string quartets, or simply the "Middle Quartets." The other two are opus 74 and opus 95. Many quartets record all five as a set.

Beethoven uses a characteristically Russian theme in the first two quartets in honor of the prince who gave him the commission:

In Op. 59 No. 1, the "Thème russe" (as the score is marked) is the principal theme of the last movement.

In Op. 59 No. 2, the Thème russe is in the B section of the third movement. This theme is based on a Russian folk song which was also utilized by Modest Mussorgsky in the coronation scene of his opera Boris Godunov, by Sergei Rachmaninoff in the sixth movement of his 6 Morceaux for Piano Duet, Op.11 "Glory" ("Slava"), and by Igor Stravinsky in his ballet The Firebird.

In the quartet Op. 59 No. 3, there is no Thème russe explicitly named in the score, but many commentators have heard a Russian character in the subject of the Andantino movement.All three quartets were published as a set in 1808 in Vienna.

Year 1806
Time Period Classical
Opus Op. 59
Instrumentation String quartet

Scores

Quartet
Ernst Eulenburg & Co. GmbH
Altmann, et al.
Quartet
Ernst Eulenburg & Co. GmbH
Altmann, et al.
Quartet
Ernst Eulenburg & Co. GmbH
Drei Quartette, Quartett No. 7
Breitkopf and Härtel 1806
Drei Quartette, Quartett No. 8
Breitkopf and Härtel 1806
Drei Quartette, Quartett No. 9
Breitkopf and Härtel 1806

Videos

Albums

Beethoven for Two Guitars
Hänssler Classic
The String Quartets
Deutsche Grammophon
Quartet Recital 1978
Hänssler Classic
Complete String Quartets
Chandos
50 Masterworks
Deutsche Grammophon
Best Beethoven 100 (CD 1-5)
Warner Music
String Quartets, Vol. 4
Helios
String Quartets, Vol. 3
Helios
Orpheus Quartet: String Quartets
K&K Verlagsanstalt
Great Composers - Beethoven
Cavendish Music
The Busch Quartet Live: Beethoven & Mozart
Arbiter Records / Qualiton Imports, Ltd.
Beethoven: String Quartet Opp. 59 & 95
Warner Music
Hommage
Warner Music
String Quartets 4
Boheme
Beethoven: The Middle String Quartets
Claves Records
Beethoven - String Quartets
Warner Music
The Orford String Quartet
CBC
Transfigured Beethoven
Hänssler Classic
Simply the Best
Profil