Articles about Gender Differences

Hyaluronan in Human Vocal Folds in Smokers and Nonsmokers--A Histochemical Study
Journal of Voice (2016) Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 255-262

Objectives/hypothesis: To study the hyaluronan occurrence in human vocal folds, with special regards to gender and smoking and to discuss the implications of findings. This is a descriptive/morphologic study. Sixteen cadaveric vocal folds from eight individuals between 58 and 90 ...

Sex Differences in Pitch Range and Speech Fundamental Frequency After Arytenoid Adduction and Thyroplasty
Journal of Voice (2016) Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 362-370

The purpose of this study was to clarify the sex differences in pitch range (PR) and speech fundamental frequency (SFF) after arytenoid adduction (AA) combined with type 1 thyroplasty (TP1) in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) and to ...

Acoustic Voice Analysis of Young Turkish Speakers
Journal of Voice (2016) Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 378.e21-378.e25

One of the objective assessments of voice is acoustic analysis, particularly, the parameters fundamental frequency (F0), jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonics ratio (NHR). Because the normative data for healthy native Turkish male and female speakers are lacking in the literature, this ...

Vocal Fold Vibration in Vocal Fold Atrophy: Quantitative Analysis With High-Speed Digital Imaging
Journal of Voice (2015) Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 755-762

Vocal fold vibrations of vocal fold atrophy (VFA), a rapidly increasing voice disorder owing to worldwide societal aging, have not been clarified by high-speed digital imaging (HSDI). The HSDI method was performed on 46 patients (33 males and 13 females) ...

Gender Differences in the Prevalence of Vocal Symptoms in Smokers
Journal of Voice (2015) Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 588-591

The purpose of the present study was to explore possible gender differences in the occurrence of vocal symptoms in smokers. There appears to be a difference in the effects of smoking between men and women. The female vocal folds may ...

Is the Sagittal Postural Alignment Different in Normal and Dysphonic Adult Speakers?
Journal of Voice (2014) Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 523.e1-523.e8

Clinical research in the field of voice disorders, in particular functional dysphonia, has suggested abnormal laryngeal posture due to muscle adaptive changes, although specific evidence regarding body posture has been lacking. The aim of our study was to verify if ...

Sexual Dimorphism in the Histologic Organization of the Muscle Fibers in Human Tongue
Journal of Voice (2014) Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 424-429

Tongue movements are critical for speech, swallowing, and respiration; and tongue dysfunction could lead to dysarthria, dysphagia, and obstructive sleep apnea, respectively. Our current understanding of the contributions of specific tongue muscles (TOs) to precise movement patterns is limited. Likewise, ...

Prevalence of Vocal Fry in Young Adult Male American English Speakers
Journal of Voice (2014) Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 185-190

The purpose of this study was to assess possible gender differences in the prevalence of vocal fry in the voices of young male college students. Results were compared with previously published findings derived from a matched sample of female speakers. ...

Long-Term Average Spectra of Adult Iranian Speakers' Voice
Journal of Voice (2014) Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 305-310

Long-term average spectrum (LTAS) allows quantifying the voice quality and provides an overview of the mean spectral characteristics of a voice. The aims of this study were to survey normal spectral characteristics of Persian and investigate sex-related changes in the ...