On your knees and pray! The role of religion in the development of a metal scene in the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico
International Journal of Community Music (2014) Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 243-258

Heavy metal music is simultaneously reflective of, and reactive to, the cultural underpinnings of the spaces in which it is created. Wallach et al. have emphasized the need to understand metal music outside of Anglo-American contexts and culture. Although the ...

Methodological strategies and challenges in research with small heavy metal scenes: A reflection on entrance, evolution and permanence
Metal Music Studies (2016) Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 273-290

Research on small heavy metal (HM) scenes throughout the world has mostly used ethnographic and qualitative approaches to richly describe the scene and its members. As these research efforts continue to grow around the world, methodological strategies have the opportunity ...

Predictors of communal formation in a small heavy metal scene: Puerto Rico as a case study
Metal Music Studies (2014) Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 87-104

Heavy metal music has constantly been under scrutiny due to its perceived negative effects on its listeners. Quantitative research has focused on heavy metal music as a risk factor for mental health problems and antisocial behaviour. This research agenda has ...