Insights about practice from the perspective of motor learning

A review

In this article, we review recent research in motor learning and discuss its implications for music pedagogy. Specifically, we review factors that have been shown to have reliable effects on motor learning, including augmented feedback, the order of tasks (blocked versus random practice), observational practice, the learner's focus of attention, and self-controlled practice. The findings suggest that the effectiveness of practice in music may be enhanced if feedback is given sparingly, variable task orders and observational practice are incorporated, instructions and feedback are used to induce an external focus of attention, and practice conditions allow for self-control.

Journal Music Performance Research
Year 2008
Volume 2
Pages 1-25

Wulf, Gabriele; Mornell, Adina (2008) Insights about practice from the perspective of motor learning: a review. In: Music Performance Research, Vol. 2, pp. 1-25. Available at


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