The violin varnish used by Antonio Stradivari and other Cremonese master luthiers has been a subject of fascination for two centuries. Scientific evidence accumulated over the last few decades has shed some light on its structure and composition. The organic component consisted of drying oils, resins, and proteins. The inorganic constituents included metallic driers, pigments, and inert particles. This article presents an in-depth survey of the scientific literature on Cremonese varnish analyses.
Tai, Bruce H. (2007) Stradivari's Varnish: A Review of Scientific Findings - Part I. In: Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 119-144. Available at https://openmusiclibrary.org/article/157323/.