Acoustic Analyses of Prolonged Vowels in Young Adults With Friedreich Ataxia

Finding measures that track disease progression and determine treatment efficacy is vital for appropriate management in Friedreich ataxia (FA). The purpose of this study was to determine which cepstral- and spectral-based measures extracted from prolonged vowels using Analysis of Dysphonia in Speech and Voice (ADSV) program discriminate between those who have FA and normal voice (NV) peers. Initial 2 seconds of prolonged /a/, /i/, and /o/ were analyzed through ADSV from 20 individuals diagnosed with FA and 20 NV individuals. ADSV measures used were cepstral peak prominence (CPP), cepstral peak prominence standard deviation (CPP SD), low/high spectral ratio (L/H ratio), low/high spectral ratio standard deviation (L/H ratio SD), and the Cepstral/Spectral Index of Dysphonia (CSID). L/H ratio SD was the only measure where significant differences were found across all vowels between groups. Comparing measures per vowel, the vowel /o/ was significantly different between groups on four of five measures. Discrimination analysis revealed 100% of those in the FA group were classified correctly (sensitivity), whereas 95% of NV members were correctly identified (specificity) when all ADSV measures, with the exception of L/H ratio, were entered. Unstable periods of phonation, such as initiations of voice production in vowels, may yield robust acoustic cues in the FA population. ADSV provides measures that, when considered together, have excellent sensitivity and very good specificity. Vowels yielded differing results on ADSV measures; analysis of different vowel types is recommended.

Journal Journal of Voice
Year 2016
Volume 30
Issue 3
Pages 272-280

Carson, Cecyle Perry; Ryalls, Jack; Hardin-Hollingsworth, Kaylea; Le Normand, Marie-Therese; Ruddy, Bari Hoffman (2016) Acoustic Analyses of Prolonged Vowels in Young Adults With Friedreich Ataxia. In: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 272-280. Available at http://openmusiclibrary.org/article/71270/.

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